Recently surging News (www.thepaper.CN) reported that Shandong dairy farm sold 595 of dead cattle, many of which contain beef flow table. Beef market but has a long history of food safety problems in China on the one hand, which exposed the animal quarantine, food safety legislation and loopholes in law enforcement have to concern us again.
Shandong Australian Ranch "dead cow" is not alone, pasture cows, dead cows enter the meat market is a common phenomenon. Pasture to reduce losses, usually sold the normal elimination of healthy meat processing factory, the sick cow, dead cows sold to black workshop
"Ranch" was dairy enterprises to solve "the small backyard, dairy enterprises to buy" milk prices to dairy farmers in the model binding weak, difficult to guarantee solutions to production problems. But intensive farming is also focused on exposing China's animal quarantine and food safety regulatory weaknesses ranch cattle dead cow where the question is one of them.
Surging, according to news reports, Shandong Australian Ranch "dead animal" is by no means alone. Pasture cattle, dead cows enter the meat market is a common phenomenon. According to senior dairy researcher song Liang introduced, large pastures year eliminated cow ratio in 20%, including the normal elimination of healthy cattle, also contains the sick cow, dead cows. Pasture to reduce losses, "sold the normal elimination of healthy meat processing factory, the sick cow, dead cattle and sell it to black workshop, this is widespread."
China is not enforced for the cattle and sheep slaughtering quarantine to prevent illness and death reporting and quarantine of cattle into the market to rely on raising. If no declaration, sick and dead cattle onto the market in "people without saying, is not" the wild
So-called slaughter quarantine is to slaughter animals for a biopsy, only slaughter and quarantine before they can enter the market. According to the Ministry of agriculture explained that according to the law on animal epidemic prevention, the animal husbandry Act and other legal provisions, cattle and sheep slaughter, slaughter, before entering the market, should be declared a quarantine, and approved by the supervising agencies for animal health quarantine, where qualified. But in practice is often "not to tell, is not", if nobody declared quarantine, an unidentified cattle to enter the market but passage. A prefecture-level city in Shanxi province Deputy Secretary for agriculture admitted: "some farmers work hard keeping a cow, and accidentally fell to his death, slaughter meat, as long as no one reports generally will not go." Similarly, peddlers sell beef into the market will not be affected by regulatory obstacles.
According to the relevant provisions of the law on animal epidemic prevention and the Ministry of agriculture, dead animals for treatment, but the high cost small farmers mortality of livestock, often selling black-market peddlers or directly into the river
In pig-breeding industry, for example, caixin data display the number of live pigs from China reached 700 million in 2012, accounting for half of world production. Calculated according to the mortality of 3%-5%, the pig deaths number about 35 million per year. According to the relevant provisions of the law on animal epidemic prevention and the Ministry of agriculture, dead animals for treatment, namely trenching, disinfection, bury. Hire people to deal with a dead pig to spend 200 Yuan more than under the current subsidy policy, harmless treatment can only be paid 80 Yuan allowance, and cumbersome formalities.
In addition, 50 pigs following small farmers do not get subsidies, this means that the one-third of the country's pig farms are not subsidies within the policy coverage. Government subsidies inadequate and poor regulation make the farmers no incentive according to regulations dealing with animals, pigs are only sold in black-market peddlers or straight into the River was the general practice, plus food markets lack of effective controls, the country often burst into mass fatality pork into the market is not surprising. (For example, Xinhua reported on April 8, 2015: FJ: How did more than 2000 tons of dead pork flow to the table? 》）
In contrast, Taiwan was established after the 1997 outbreak of factory processing dead livestock and poultry system, reduce the harmless dead livestock and poultry farmers processing costs while avoiding contamination
Taiwan made use of positive developments after the 1997 outbreak of dead livestock, plant made use of government subsidies, 60% construction costs were funded by the Government. The policy to reduce the cost of harmless treatment of farmers, while avoiding the environmental problems caused by burial, incineration. Made use of the so-called (rendering) is a pressure vessel or vessel dissection into the high temperature of saturated steam, in the presence of high temperature, high pressure or dry heat, pressure, separation of fat in body tissues, proteins are meat and bone meal and oils, meat and bone meal used as feed additive in ruminant, fats can be used for bio-diesel fuel and manufacturing of soap powder.
Now Taiwan more than 80% farmers by Taiwan 7 "factory" to handle dead pigs. For example, the Taichung city farmers every year contract with factory made use of pig-raising Association in Taichung and Yunlin counties: pig farmer once found pigs, to inform the pig-raising Association, the Association sent clean waste of livestock and poultry dead "materials made use of transport vehicle" carrying away dead pigs to pig farmers home, shipped to the Yunlin plant. Central America policy Liu Xuecheng Thucydides
In the United States, as early as 1906 the Federal meat inspection Act requires that departments of each slaughtered animal, dead animal carcasses for inspection, marking, minimizing inedible meat onto the market
The Federal meat inspection Act of 1906 (the Federal Meat Inspection Act, FMIA) aims to ensure meat safety: prevention of adulteration or improper labeling of meat products from reaching the market, and ensure the meat slaughter and processing products in the health environment. The main provisions of the Bill are: 1. animals subject to mandatory testing before slaughter; 2. every death animal bodies are subject to mandatory checks, 3. establish health standards for slaughterhouses and meat processing plants, 4. Authorizes the United States Department of agriculture as the main regulator.
After 1906 United States also adopted a number of laws to regulate the meat industry, but the meat inspection Act in 109 years later still in force and is binding on the States. 2012 Supreme Court at the national meat Association v Harris (National Meat Association v. Harris) in the judgement of the meat inspection Act of authority than the State of California enacted its own laws regulate slaughterhouses.
After the 1906 meat inspection Act, United States formulation involved in animal-derived food safety legislation 3 and regulations more than 40 films, content includes management of animal slaughter, inspection of animal products, true "from the farm to the table" comprehensive regulatory
The meat inspection Act is responsible for red meat products (cattle, pigs, sheep and other animal products) safety inspection. In the wake of the United States Congress passed the white meat products (chicken, Turkey, duck, goose, etc) of the poultry and poultry products Inspection Act, for eggs and egg products egg products Inspection Act and the distribution and marketing of agricultural products Act three Congressional legislation.
Department of Agriculture's food safety inspection service within the mandates of the four laws on matters related to animal food safety released from the General provisions, slaughter inspection, testing, production and processing of animals and animal products hygiene, product identification and registration and other administrative regulations, a total of more than 40 films, included in the Nineth volume the third article of the Federal Code. Detailed legal system really realize the food "from the farm to the fork" the full regulation.
United States begins food safety legislation at the federal level is to a large extent the Government's positive response from citizens to free speech. 1906 United States writer Sinclair's novel the jungle contributed to early 20th century progressive era of important legislation on food and drug safety
United States Federal Government to pass legislation to protect the consumers of food safety efforts began in 1906, the pure food and Drug Act and the Federal meat inspection Act, signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt, belonging to the early 20th century progressive era legislation. The former founded has played a major role in the food and drug administration of the United States food and Drug Administration (FDA), which aims to prevent undesirable to eat meat from the market.
It is worth mentioning that these bills from the Federal Government's positive response to the citizens ' free speech. Start of the legislative process to a large extent thanks to the writer and journalist epudun·xinkelaier's novel the jungle. Novel depicts the difficult life of a Bohemian poor immigrants in the suburbs of Chicago, but the novel is known for its main content is description of the bad sanitary conditions in meat-processing plants in Chicago. Then-President Theodore Roosevelt, after reading this book started the investigation of the meat processing plant and found that the health status of poor as written in the novel. Soon after, Congress passed more than two food hygiene legislation.