China's "along the way" strategy, how should Mongolia and Central Asia countries a more positive response and cooperation?
In the view of experts on international issues, China's "along the way" strategy and Russia-led strategy of the Eurasian Economic Union could dock, docking is expected to take the 10 ASEAN countries and China and other Asia-Pacific countries, "10+1", "10+3" mode, or creation of an equal partnership. China s economy really as bad as people say it
On September 21, the researcher at the China Institute of international studies of Ishisawa organized by the China Center for international economic exchanges "China-Mongolia-Russia economic cooperation process and beyond" journalists set out these views on the interface. Of course he also said two strategies how to dock is at the beginning of the study.
China advocates building "economic belt of the new Silk Road" and the "21st century Silk Road on the sea" (hereinafter "along the way") of the strategic concept, proposed by President XI Jinping of China in September 2013, and October respectively, Asian infrastructure investment banking and silk road fund was set up as an important financing measures then.
"Along the way" strategy of total 18 Chinese provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities to participate in, covering Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia, and eventually to Europe.
On March 28 from three ministries jointly issued by the push to build a silk road economic belt and the vision of a 21st century Silk Road and for action in 2014, and "along the way" along the country's cargo trade reached $ 1.12 trillion, 26% per cent of China's total trade in goods, the next 10 years this figure is expected to double, breaking the $ 2.5 trillion. In 2014, along the Chinese enterprises in national foreign direct investment reached $ 12.5 billion, accounted for 12.2% of the contracted projects completed turnover of 64.4 billion dollars, accounting for 45.2% of the country.
And Eurasian Economic Union is Russia-led regional Alliance for economic integration of the CIS, was officially launched on January 1 this year, was formerly established in 2011 of the Russia-Belarus Customs Union. Union members are currently Russia, and Kazakhstan, and Armenia, and Belarus, and Kyrgyzstan. Concept of the Euro-Asian economic Union by Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev was first proposed in 1994, during a speech at Moscow State University.
Eurasian Economic Union has a population of 170 million, is the Union's largest trading partner, China.
Relations with Central Asia, is one of Sino-Russian relations face a number of challenges.
Cooperation between China and Russia in Central Asia for 20 years. "Overall good, but Russia have long contended that Central Asia is its sphere of influence. Russia to any political force or power center into Central Asia has some reservations. Russia's policy towards the region essentially has been pursuing a policy of not opening. "Ishisawa said Russia lead as leaders to form a Russia-Belarus Customs Union to form a European-Asian economic Union.
"Cooperation in this area, Russia in a dominant position, and Eurasian Economic Union from its nature, is closed, not open to is basically now the countries of the former Soviet Union. "Ishisawa said.
But Central Asian countries also have their own ideas, I hope to establish friendly relations with China, leveraging China pull its own economic development.
In 2013, the Central Asian countries and China totaled US $ 45 billion, nearly 20 years total trade growth of nearly 100 times. Lianyungang, China has some free trade zone for the Central Asian countries, and now the five Central Asian countries have been opened free trade zone in Lianyungang, goods can enter the Asia-Pacific region through Chinese channels. Russia and Central Asian countries, economic and trade exchanges to a halt.
China is in the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, to promote cooperation with Central Asian countries. Russia keen to engage in security cooperation in the SCO cooperation, economic cooperation, in particular on facilitation measures, free trade area which is to adopt a more avoidance or a more negative attitude.
"On this issue, between Russia and China in Central Asia to appropriately address the interests of both sides, it is necessary to deal with the current ' along the way ' or economic relations with the Eurasian Union of the Silk Road, the problem is that we promote the construction of China-Mongolia-Russia economic corridor an unavoidable, and it is a very important part. "Ishisawa said that this year President XI Jinping visited Russia during and at the 70 anniversary of the victory of the war against fascism, and Russia signed the Silk Road economic belt and Eurasian Economic Union butt joint. "This national level in North-East Asia, including China and Russia, China has laid a good foundation for economic cooperation in the North. "
China's "along the way" strategy and the possibility of connecting the Eurasian Economic Union is, complementary economic structure in China and Central Asia, they need markets, China needs resources, and have the ability to invest in China.
On the way of cooperation, Ishisawa think that the Eurasian Economic Union and the Silk Road economic belt in vitro cooperation can also cooperate in the body. "For example, we take the form of the ASEAN, China, as an external national and ASEAN States work together in order to 10+1, 10+3, can also be used as an equal partner to discuss cooperation. "
Docking of the project, Ishisawa think "along the way" and Eurasian Economic Union in interconnection infrastructure cooperation opportunities, is also very important. Central Asia territory wide, relatively backward transportation facilities, especially to connect the country's roads, railways and even construction of air, land and water are very weak. "Countries in this region are developing countries, infrastructure capital chain is long, they lack the ability to invest China with strength and willing to help, is mutually beneficial and a win-win situation. "
Docking at the industrial park in China and Russia, but in how to build an industrial park on the development of Sino-Russian differences. "Russia is a high-tech research and development area of the industrial park, while China is the development and production combined with the production of the industrial park area, this is different. Russia's many industrial parks in the more remote areas, and China in the area of the economy is relatively good. "Ishisawa said.
In addition, Central Asia and some regions, including staff training, facilities repairs, accessories and so on, all have dock space.
Ishisawa said that if China "along the way" the link between strategic planning and Eurasian Economic Union breakthrough, not only Sino-Russian relations, will also make the smooth development of Sino-Russian bilateral economic corridor, to overcome many obstacles.